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Ukraine Facts & Figures

Flag of Ukraine
Total area: 603,700 sq km (233,089 sq mi)
Population (2010 est.): 45,415,596
Capital and the largest city (2003 est.): Kyiv (Kiev) - 3,296,100 (metro. area)
Other large cities: Kharkiv - 1,435,200; Odessa - 1,022,300; Donetske - 984,900; Lvov - 700,100
Currency: Hryvna
Languages: Ukrainian 67%, Russian 24%, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian
Ethnicity: Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belorussian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001)
Religions: Ukrainian Orthodox, Ukrainian Greek Catholic 6%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 2%, Protestant, Jewish, none 38% (2004)
Time zone: GMT+2; Daylight Savings Time: GMT+3, observed from last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October
Electricity: AC 220V/50Hz, 2-pin European standard plug is used

Ukraine is a large country in eastern Europe, bordered by the Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south. Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe (after Russia).

Ukrainian landscape is dominated by fertile plains (or steppes) and plateaus, forests in the north and with country's highest mountains - the Carpathian Mountains - located in the west. The highest peak is the Hora Hoverla at 2,061 m (6,762 ft). Ukraine has a long coastline stretching for 2,782 km (1,729 mi) in the south and several large rivers: the Dnieper (Dnipro), Seversky Donets, Dniester and Danube at the border with Romania.

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