304,509 sq km (117,571 sq mi)
312,685 sq km (120,728 sq mi)
Capital and largest city:
Warsaw - 2,201,900 (metro. area)
Other large cities:
Lodz - 778,200; Krakow - 733,100; Wroclaw - 632,200; Poznan - 581,200; Gdansk - 456,700; Szczecin - 415,700
Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belorussian 0.1% Ukrainian 0.1%, other 2.7%
Roman Catholic 90%, Eastern Orthodox 1%, Protestant and other
GMT+1; Daylight Saving Time: GMT+2, observed from last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October
AC 230 V, plugs: 2 round pins (Europlug)
Tatra Mountains, Lake Morskie Oko
Poland is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany
to the west; the Czech Republic
to the south, Ukraine
, Belarus and Lithuania
to the east, the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian enclave, to the north. Poland is the 9th largest country in Europe and the most populous Eastern European member state of the EU.
The Polish Baltic coast extends for approximately 528 km (328 mi) and, for the most part, features a smooth coastline with many sandy beaches, dunes, bays as well as steep cliffs. The terrain in northern Poland is dominated by lakes and wooded hills joined by many rivers and canals. One of the favorite tourist destinations is the Masurian Lake District in the northeast Poland that features both the largest Polish lake (Sniardwy) as well as the deepest one (Hancza).
The central regions of Poland feature lowland plains, cut by rivers Vistula (the longest Polish river), Warta and Bug. The Oder River forms part of Polandís western border with Germany.
The central lowlands rise slowly towards the south. Southern parts of the country are dominated by several mountain ranges. Sudety Mountains are in the southwest, with the highest peak Snezka, at the Czech Republic border. To the southeast are three main mountain ranges that form the northern arch of the Carpathian range: Beskids (highest peak Babia Gora), Tatras (with the highest point in Poland, Rysy, at 2,499 m / 8,199 ft) and Bieszczady in the southeast tip of the country.
About a half of Poland's territory is an agricultural land and almost one third is covered by forests. Poland has the highest number of national parks in all Europe - 23 parks in total. There are also 13 sites in Poland that have been designated by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites, and 9 sites designated as Biosphere Reserves.
There are 5 pictures in our Poland gallery. Click the thumbnail to enter.