65,200 sq km (25,174 sq mi)
Population (2009 est.):
Capital and largest city (2003 est.):
Vilnius - 543,500
Other large cities:
Kaunas - 379,800; Klaipéda - 193,400
Lithuanian 82% (official), Russian 8%, Polish 6%
Lithuanian 83.4%, Polish 6.7%, Russian 6.3%, other 3.6%
Roman Catholic 79%, Russian Orthodox 4%, Protestant 2%, none 10%
GMT+2; Daylight Savings Time: GMT+3, observed from last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October
AC 220V/50Hz, European plugs with two round pins are used
Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe situated on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, the southernmost and also the largest and most populous of the three Baltic states (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia). Lithuania borders Latvia to the north, Belarus to the southeast, Poland and the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad to the southwest.
The landscape of Lithuania has been shape by receding glaciers and features mostly lowland plains and hilly uplands. The highest point is Auktojas Hill at 294 m (965 ft). There are over 2,800 lakes in Lithuania, concentrated mostly in the east of the country. The terrain also features a dense network of rivers, wetlands and forests, which cover almost one third of the country.
Lithuania has a very short coastline that faces the open sea - 38km / 24mi. Another 61km / 37.5mi of coastline face a shallow Curonian Lagoon sheltered by Curonian sand peninsula (Curonian Spit). Country's main port is Klaipeda.