Destinations > Central America > Guatemala

Guatemala Facts & Figures

Flag of Guatemala
Total area: 108,890 sq km (42,042 sq mi)
Population (2009 est.): 13,276,517
Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Guatemala City - 2,655,900 (metro. area)
Other large cities: Mixco - 287,600; Villa Nueva - 138,900
Currency: Quetzal
Languages: Spanish (official), various Amerindian languages
Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs
Time zone: GMT-6, no daylight savings time
Electricity: 115V/60Hz AC (North American standard plugs)

Guatemala is a country in Central America, bordered by Mexico to the north and westt, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northwest, the Caribbean Sea to the east, Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast. Guatemala is the northernmost country in Central America.

Guatemala is mostly mountainous and heavily forested. There are three main regions in the country: northern region of El Petén, dominated by lowlands covered by tropical jungle, the Pacific coast and the highlands in central Guatemala. The highlands include two mountain ranges with the highest point Volcán Tajumulco, at 4,220 m (13,845 ft). The mountains are home to several volcanoes, including three active ones.

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