Destinations > Africa > Egypt

Egypt Facts & Figures

Flag of Egypt
Land area: 384,344 sq mi (995,451 sq km)
Total area: 386,662 sq mi (1,001,450 sq km)
Population (2009 est.): 83,082,869
Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Cairo: 11,146,000 (metro. area); 7,629,866 (city)
Other large cities: Alexandria - 3,891,000; Giza - 2,597,600 (part of Cairo metro area); Shubra el Khema - 1,018,000 (part of Cairo metro area); El Mahalla el Kubra - 462,300
Currency: Egyptian pound
Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely spoken
Religions: Islam (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, Christian 1%, other 6%
Ethnicity: Egyptian 98%, Berber, Nubian, Bedouin, and Beja 1%, Greek, Armenian, other European 1%
Time zone: GMT+2 (daylight saving time +1 hour)
Electricity: 220V AC (2-pin "europlag")

Sphinx & Great Pyramid, Giza, Egypt
Sphinx & Great Pyramid, Giza
photo by Le Grand Portage
The Arab Republic of Egypt is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Western Asia. Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.

Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. The great majority of its estimated 83 million live near the banks of the Nile River, in an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable agricultural land is found. The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with the majority spread across the densely-populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.

Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most famous monuments, including the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx. The southern city of Luxor contains numerous ancient artifacts, such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Egypt is widely regarded as an important political and cultural nation of the Middle East.

Wired Tourist Articles

Three Spots for a Quiet Afternoon in Paris

There are so many things to see in Paris and so little time to do it that your journey in the French capital can wind up taking the colors of a marathon run. I offer you a different take on it: stop, review your options, and decide to kill a couple of hours doing just nothing but reading a good book in a spot where you can be left to yourself. Here are three spots where you can do just that.

« read full article »

Explore the Australian Outback

Taking a trip to Australia should create memories never to be forgotten but it is such a large country it could be difficult to decide exactly where you should explore. There are many different exciting places to visit on your Australian trip, but there are a few special places you canít afford to miss, and one of the most popular is Alice Springs.

« read full article »

Home | Travel Destinations | Travel News | Travel Directory | Volcano Tours | Gallery | Site Index | Contact
Follow us on   Follow us on YouTube  YouTube   Follow us on Flickr  Flickr   Follow us on Twitter  Twitter