Destinations > Asia > China

China Facts & Figures

Flag of China
 
Total area: 9,596,960 sq km (3,705,407 sq mi)
Population (2009 est.): 1,338,613,000
Capital (2003 est.): Beijing - 10,849,000 (metro. area)
Largest cities: Shanghai - 12,665,000 (metro. area); Tianjin (Tientsin) - 9,346,000 (metro. area); Wuhan - 3,959,700; Shenyang (Mukden) - 3,574,100; Guangzhou - 3,473,800; Haerbin - 2,904,900; Xian - 2,642,100; Chungking (Chongquing) - 2,370,100; Chengdu - 2,011,000; Hong Kong (Xianggang) - 1,361,200
Currency: Yuan/Renminbi
Languages: Standard Chinese (Mandarin/Putonghua), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages
Religions: Officially atheist; Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%–4%, Muslim 1%–2%
Time zone: GMT+8 (throughout the country); DST is not observed
Electricity: AC 220V/50Hz; plugs with two blades (American) and with three blades (Australian) are most common; outlets for square three-pin plugs (British standard) can also be found; many hotels also have AC 110V

Shanghai Pudong Skyline
Shanghai Pudong Skyline
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is the largest country in East Asia and the most populous country in the world. China borders 14 countries: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south; Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west; Russia and Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the east. China has coasts on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea.

The vast territory of China has very diverse terrain and landscapes. Plains dominate the east, along the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea. These areas are also very densely populated. Southern China is mostly hilly with low mountains. The two major rivers, Yangtze and the Yellow River, form large deltas in the central-east. The southwest is dominated by the Tibet Plateau, with an average elevation of 4,000 m (13,200 ft). Major mountain ranges in China include the Himalayas, the Altai Mountains, the Tian Shan Mountains and the Kunlun Mountains. The highest point is Mount Everest (8,848 m / 29,198 ft), situated at the Nepal border.

China includes two autonomous Special Administrative Regions - Hong Kong, formerly British dependent territory (until 1997), and Macau, formerly under Portuguese administration (until 1999).


China Gallery

The Great Wall at Mutianu near Beijing, China Forbidden City (view from the Jingshan Park), Beijing, China Lama Temple, Beijing, China The Great Wall (Ju Yong Pass), Beijing, China 

There are 31 pictures in our China gallery. Click the thumbnail to enter.


China Articles

Items to Avoid in Chinese Gift Giving

Chinese people have their own culture when it comes to giving friends or relatives gifts. However, there are some taboos to avoid in Chinese culture. Though modern Chinese don't seem to mind them so much, it is still necessary to know what would be suitable in an occasion.

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Go Oriental - Travel To China

People touring all the important countries of the world; prioritize their travel to China. People’s Republic of China is the world’s most populated country, touching the 1.3 billion mark. With such a huge population and the large area, it is bound to be diverse and hence makes for a hot tourist destination..

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